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سکوندر بوقوسیان<div style="clear:both;"></div>

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سکوندر بوقوسیان
"Self-Portrait", 1961 - NARA - 558827.jpg
خودنگاره در ۱۹۶۱ میلادی خلق شده
Born ۲۲ ژوئیهٔ ۱۹۳۷[۱] in آدیس آبابا[۲]
💀Died واشینگتن، دی.سی. ۴ مهٔ ۲۰۰۳ (۶۵ سال)[۳]
🏳️ Nationality اتیوپی


سکوندر بوقوسیان (ارمنی: Ալեքսանդր "Սկունդեր" Բողոսյան‎؛; انگلیسی: Skunder Boghossian‎؛; ۲۲ ژوئیهٔ ۱۹۳۷ – درگذشته ۴ مهٔ ۲۰۰۳) نقاش ارمنی‌تبار اهل اتیوپی بود. وی بین سال‌های تا میلادی فعالیت می‌کرد. وی تحت تاثیر هنر قبطی قرار گرفت.[۳] هنر آفریقای غربی،[۳] پاول کله،[۳] ماکس ارنست،[۳] ویفردو لام،[۳] روبرتو ماتا[۲]

زندگی‌نامه[ویرایش]

بوقوسیان در ۲۲ ژوئیهٔ ۱۹۳۷ یکسال و نیم پس از دومین جنگ ایتالیا و اتیوپی در آدیس آبابا، پایتخت اتیوپی به دنیا آمد[۱] مادر وی «Weizero Tsedale Wolde Tekle» اصلاً اتیوپیایی و پدرش «خسرو گورگوریوس بوقوسیان» کلنل ارمنی‌تبار و در خدمت می‌نمود؛ پدربزرگ سکوندر گریگوریوس بوقوسیان یک بازرگان ارمنی بود که امپراتور منلیک دوم[۴]


پدر سکوندر و از فارغ‌التحصیل شد. وی همچنین برندهٔ جوایزی همچون [[]] شده‌است. وی در ۴ مهٔ ۲۰۰۳ در سن ۶۵ سالگی در واشینگتن، دی.سی. درگذشت.


His mother, , was Ethiopian.[1] His father, Kosrof Gorgorios Boghossian, was a colonel in the Kebur Zabagna (Imperial Bodyguard) and of Armenian(⎘) descent.[1] Kosrof's father, Gregorios Boghassian, an Armenian trader, had established a friendship with Emperor(⎘) Menelik II(⎘) and worked as a traveling ambassador in Europe on behalf of the Emperor.[4]

آفریقای شرقی ایتالیایی

Boghossian's father was active in the resistance against the Italian occupation(⎘) and was imprisoned for several years when Boghossian was a young child.[1] His mother had set up a new life apart her children and although both he and his sister Aster (Esther) visited their mother frequently, they were raised in the home of their father's brother Kathig Boghassian.[4] Kathig, who was serving as the Assistant Minister of Agriculture, together with other uncles and aunts brought them up during their father's imprisonment.[4]

الفبای گعز زبان امهری آموزش ابتدایی زبان ارمنی زبان انگلیسی زبان فرانسوی آبرنگ آموزش متوسطه

He attended a traditional Kes Timhert Betoch kindergarten where he was taught the Ge'ez script(⎘).[1] In primary(⎘) and secondary school(⎘), he was taught by both Ethiopian and foreign tutors and become fluent in Amharic(⎘), Armenian(⎘), English(⎘), and French(⎘).[1] He studied art informally at the Teferi Mekonnen School.[5] He also studied under Stanislas Chojnacki, a historian of Ethiopian art and watercolor(⎘) painter.[5]

فعالیت حرفه‌ای[ویرایش]

هایله سلاسی لندن بورس تحصیلی آدیس آبابا ایالات متحده آمریکا پاریس دانشگاه هاوارد برون‌کوچی اروپا

Boghossian won second prize at the Jubilee Anniversary Celebration of Haile Selassie I(⎘) in 1954.[6] The next year he was granted a scholarship(⎘) which allowed him to study in Europe(⎘).[6] He spent two years in London(⎘), working at St. Martin's School, the Central School, and the Slade School.[6] He then spent nine years studying and teaching at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris(⎘). In 1966 he returned home, teaching at Addis Ababa(⎘)'s School of Fine Arts until 1969. In 1970 he emigrated(⎘) to the United States(⎘), teaching at Howard University(⎘) from 1972 until 2001.

Boghossian was the first contemporary African(⎘) artist to have his work purchased by the Musee d’Art Moderne(⎘) in Paris in 1963. In 1966, the Museum of Modern Art(⎘) in New York acquired his painting Juju's Wedding (1964).

موزه هنر مدرن پاریس موزه هنر مدرن آفریقا

در سال ۱۹۷۷ میلادی، In 1977, he became the first African to design a First Day Cover for a United Nations(⎘) stamp.[7] He was commissioned by the World Federation of United Nations Associations.[7] His pen and ink drawing on the theme of "Combat Racism" for the cover and the accompanying stamp were issued on September 19, 1977.[7]

سازمان ملل متحد آلومینیوم نقش‌برجسته مسیحیت یهودیت گیاگان زیاگان اسلام

در سال 2001 میلادی، بوقوسیان In 2001, Boghossian worked with Kebedech Tekleab on a commission called Nexus for the Wall of Representation at the Embassy of Ethiopia in Washington, D.C.[8] The work is an aluminum(⎘) relief sculpture(⎘) (365 x 1585 cm) mounted on the granite wall of the embassy.[8] Nexus includes decorative motifs, patterns and symbols from Ethiopian religious traditions including Christianity(⎘), Judaism(⎘), Islam(⎘) and other indigenous spiritual practices incorporating symbolic scrolls and forms representing musical instruments, utilitarian tools, and regional flora(⎘) and fauna(⎘).[۸]

موزه هنر مدرن موزه ملی هنر آفریقا (آمریکا) واشینگتن، دی. سی موزه هنر مدرن پاریس

His work is held in a number of permanent collections including the Museum of Modern Art(⎘) in New York,[9] Musee d’Art Moderne(⎘) in Paris,[9] the Studio Museum in Harlem[9] and the National Museum of African Art(⎘) in Washington, DC(⎘).[۹]

Boghossian is represented in New York by the Contemporary African Art Gallery.[3]

The umbrella organization for Ethiopia's oldest secular schools is named after him, the Skunder Boghossian College of Performing and Visual Arts.

زندگی شخصی[ویرایش]

Boghossian has two children, Aida Mariam and Edward Addisu.[3][5] Boghossian died on May 4, 2003, at Howard University Hospital in Washington, DC. He was 65.[3] Following his death, Sharon F. Patton, director of the Smithsonian(⎘)'s National Museum of African Art(⎘) said "As a major figure in modern African art history, he opened the way for others to follow and left an important body of work behind."[2]

مؤسسه اسمیتسونین موزه ملی هنر آفریقا (آمریکا)

جوایز[ویرایش]

  • هایله سلاسی First Prize for Fine Arts, ۱۹۶۷.[۵]
  • Contemporary African Painters, First Prize, مونیخ، ۱۹۶۷.[۵]
  • Twenty-Ninth Annual Show of Black Artists First Prize, کالج اسپلمن، آتلانتا, جورجیا, ۱۹۷۰.[۵]
  • واشینگتن، دی.سی. Certificate of Appreciation.[۵]
  • سازمان ملل متحد Special Committee Against Apartheid Certificate of Appreciation, ۱۹۸۴.[۵]
  • میامی بیچ، فلوریدا، فلوریدا, Certificate of Appreciation, ۱۹۸۵.[۵]
  • Ethiopian Embassy's Excellence Award in ۲۰۰۰.[۶]

نمایشگاه‌ها[ویرایش]

  • Contemporaty Ethiopian art at the مؤسسه اسمیتسونین's National Museum of African Art.[۶]
  • موزه هنر مدرن پاریس.[۷]
  • موزه ملی هنر آفریقا (آمریکا) in Washington D.C.[۷]
  • The Studio Museum in Harlem.[۶]
  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building in آدیس آبابا.[۶]

جستارهای وابسته[ویرایش]

  • فهرست نقاشان ارمنی

منابع[ویرایش]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ Legesse, Selamawit (2005). "Skunderism (The Third Annual Blen Art Show)". Blen. Retrieved 16 October 2010.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.
  2. ۲٫۰ ۲٫۱ Adejumobi, Saheed A. (2006). The History of Ethiopia. Greenwood Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-313-32273-0.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.
  3. ۳٫۰ ۳٫۱ ۳٫۲ ۳٫۳ ۳٫۴ ۳٫۵ Cotter, Holland (2003-05-18). "Skunder Boghossian, 65, Artist Who Bridged Africa and West". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2010.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.
  4. Debela, Achamyeleh (April 2004). "A Jewel of a Painter of the 21st Century (1937-2003)". Prepared for Arts Council of the African Studies Association Conference: 13th Triennial Symposium on African Art, 04/04. Blen. Retrieved 17 October 2010.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.
  5. ۵٫۰ ۵٫۱ ۵٫۲ ۵٫۳ ۵٫۴ ۵٫۵ "Skunder Boghossian". Debre Hayq Ethiopian Art Gallery. Retrieved 16 October 2010.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.
  6. ۶٫۰ ۶٫۱ ۶٫۲ ۶٫۳ خطای یادکرد: برچسب <ref> نامعتبر؛ متنی برای ارجاع‌های با نام :3 وارد نشده‌است
  7. ۷٫۰ ۷٫۱ "Skunder Boghossian". Contemporary African Art Gallery. Retrieved 16 October 2010.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.

[۱]

پیوند به بیرون[ویرایش]

خطای لوآ در پودمان:Authority_control در خط 381: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).


This article "سکوندر بوقوسیان" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:سکوندر بوقوسیان. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.

  1. Barnes, Bart. "Ethiopian Artist Alexander 'Skunder' Boghossian". The Washington Post. WP Company. Retrieved 22 October 2019.صفحه پودمان:Citation/CS1/en/styles.css محتوایی ندارد.


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